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EPIFISIOLISIS FEMORAL PDF

May 6, 2020

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is one of the most important pediatric and adolescent hip disorders encountered in medical practice. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is an condition of the proximal femoral physis that leads to slippage of the metaphysis relative to the. Slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE), also known as a slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), is a relatively common condition affecting the physis of the.

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How would you treat this patient? Though the name’s quite a mouthful, it simply refers to epifisiokisis shift at the upper part of the thighbone, or femur, that results in a weakened hip joint. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Stretching is very limited. Fortunately, when recognized early, most cases of SCFE can be treated successfully.

The diagnosis requires x-rays of the pelvis, with anteriorposterior AP and frog-leg lateral views. Grading System — based on percentage of slippage.

SJR uses a similar algorithm as the Google page rank; it provides a quantitative and qualitative measure of the journal’s impact. Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias. In a chronic slip, the physis becomes sclerotic and the metaphysis widens coxa epifisiolksis. It represents the superposition of the femoral neck and the posteriorly displaced capital epiphysis.

Epifisiólisis femoral proximal | Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología

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L6 – years in practice. It is a point of controversy whether the orthopedic surgeon should act to correct this disorder. What is next best step in management? Pinning the unaffected side prophylactically is not recommended for most patients, but may be appropriate if a second SCFE is very likely. The risk of reducing this fracture includes the disruption of the blood supply to the bone.

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It is actually the metaphysis neck part of a bone which slips in an anterior direction with external rotation.

SNIP measures contextual citation impact by wighting citations based on the total number of citations in a subject field. The almost exclusive incidence of SCFE during the adolescent growth spurt indicates a hormonal role. A stable SCFE usually causes the person to limp and walk with the foot turned outward. Poor results were seen in the group of epiphysiolysis cases with severe initial slip or in those cases which developed chondrolysis or non-septic necrosis of the femur head.

She has 2 years of activity-related left hip pain and pain with prolonged sitting. How important is this topic for clinical practice? Patients usually can walk with crutches, but those who have both hips treated may need to use a wheelchair for the first couple of weeks after surgery. Print Send to a Friend.

He denies pain in the right leg. The severity of the disease can be measured using the Southwick angle. SCFE affects approximately 1—10 perchildren.

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis – Wikipedia

However, the dose required for the examination means that it should not be used unless absolutely necessary. Because some patients have a high risk of an SCFE in the other hip, the surgeon might also stabilize that side too, even if it hasn’t slipped yet.

Maintaining a healthy weight can go a long way in sparing your bones and joints from the excess wear and tear that can weaken and damage them. Multiplane reconstruction allows assessment of the relationship of the femoral head to the metaphysis in three planes. The knee is investigated and found to be normal.

In the majority of cases, further surgery is not needed. SCFEs epifisiollisis slightly more commonly in adolescent malesespecially young black males, although it also affects females. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

epifisiollisis Continuing navigation will be considered as acceptance of this use. How rpifisiolisis is this topic for board examinations? SCFE is also more likely to happen to teens who have specific stuff going on with their health, such as:. The left hip is more often affected than the right. We reviewed cases in 94 patients operated on in our Department from to and analyzed the results. As such prophylactic pinning is recommended by some 3.

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Running, and other strenuous activity on legs, will femoeal cause the hips to abnormally move due to the condition and can potentially worsen the temoral. MRI can be used to examine the contralateral hip which is important because of the high incidence of bilateral slip. A small incision is made in the outer side of the upper thigh and metal pins are placed through the femoral neck and into the head of the femur.

It is therefore is more easily seen on the frog-leg lateral view rather than the AP hip view. Log in Sign up. Children with a SCFE experience a decrease in their range of motion, and are often unable to complete hip flexion or fully rotate the hip inward.

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)

Using a fluoroscope — a special X-ray machine that produces a real-time image of the hip on a TV screen — as a guide, the surgeon makes a tiny incision near the hip, then puts a metal screw through the bone and across the growth plate to hold it in place. While trauma has a role in the manifestation of the fracture, an intrinsic weakness in the physeal cartilage also is present.

Articles Cases Courses Quiz. To make an appointmentplease call PEDS from 7 a. Slipped upper femoral epiphysis Dr Rohit Sharma and A. Views Read Edit View history.