May 30, 2020

gangguan pada hipofisis anterior atau pada gangguan pada sistem syaraf pusat Amenore sekunder juga bisa disebabkan oleh penyakit. Tetapi terbaik. Kehamilan adalah penyebab paling umum dari amenore sekunder. ikasi rhea sekunder • tidak adanya menstruasi selama lebih dari tiga siklus. Amenore Sekunder. Disusun Oleh: Woris Christoper I Dosen Pembimbing dr. Vidia Sari, Kepanitraan Klinik SMF Ilmu Kesehatan Wanita.

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Infobox medical condition new Pages using infobox medical condition with unknown parameters. Dyspareunia Hypoactive sexual desire disorder Sexual arousal disorder Vaginismus. Cervical dysplasia Cervical incompetence Cervical polyp Cervicitis Female infertility Cervical stenosis Nabothian cyst. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Menstruation Follicular phase Ovulation Luteal phase. It may be caused by developmental problems, amenoore as amenor congenital absence of the uterus, failure of the ovary to receive or maintain egg cellsor delay in pubertal development.

Pelvic congestion syndrome Pelvic inflammatory disease. In general, women with hypogonadotropic amenorrhoea are potentially fertile. Reproductive disorders may be the only manifestation of undiagnosed celiac disease and most cases are not recognized.

Sekumder Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Generally, inadequate levels of FSH lead to inadequately stimulated ovaries which then fail to produce enough oestrogen to stimulate sekumder endometrium uterine lininghence amenorrhoea. Reductions in age of menarche and lower fertility rates mean that modern women menstruate far more often than they did under the conditions prevalent for most of human evolutionary history. Amenorrhoea is a symptom with many potential causes.

If a uterus is present, outflow track obstruction may be to blame for primary amenorrhoea. However, SSRI therapy represents a possible hormonal solution to just one hormonal condition of hypothalamic amenorrhoea. Basal body temperature Cervical mucus Mittelschmerz. For people with celiac, a gluten-free diet avoids or reduces the risk of developing reproductive disorders.


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Amenorrhoea can also be caused by physical deformities. British Journal of Sports Medicine. Gonadal, usually ovarian, abnormalities tend to be linked to elevated FSH levels or hypergonadotropic amenorrhoea. If ssekunder sex characteristics are present, but menstruation is not, primary amenorrhoea can be diagnosed by age Secondary amenorrhea may also be caused by outflow tract obstruction, often related to Asherman’s Syndrome.

Clinical Reproduction and Fertility. Both hypothalamic and pituitary disorders are linked to low FSH levels leading to hypogonadotropic amenorrhoea. Chromosome testing is usually indicated in younger individuals with hypergonadotropic amenorrhoea. Vaginal bleeding Postcoital bleeding. Gonadal dysgenesis, including Turner syndromeis the most common cause.

When a woman is experiencing amenorrhoea, an eating disorderand osteoporosis together, this is called female athlete triad syndrome. Look up amenorrhea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Energy imbalance and weight loss can disrupt menstrual cycles through several hormonal mechanisms. There are two primary ways to classify amenorrhoea. Although oral contraceptives can causes menses to return, oral contraceptives should not be the initial treatment as they can mask the underlying problem and allow other effects of the eating disorder, like osteoporosiscontinue to develop.



Ovarian failure related to early onset menopause can cause secondary amenorrhea, and although the condition can usually be treated, it is not always reversible.

Amnore hormone estrogen plays a significant role in regulating calcium loss after ages 25— Extended cycle combined hormonal contraceptive Lactational amenorrhea. Weight loss can cause elevations in the hormone ghrelin which inhibits the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarial axis.

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Derived adjectives are amenorrhoeal and amenorrhoeic. Outflow tract abnormalities tend to be normogonadotropic and FSH levels are in the normal swkunder.

Amenorrhea – Wikipedia

Certain medications, particularly contraceptive medications, can induce amenorrhoea in a healthy woman. Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management. Vaginal atresiacryptomenorrhoeaimperforate hymen.

The syndrome develops prenatally early in the development of the female reproductive system. Archived from the original on 4 January The opposite is the normal menstrual period eumenorrhoea. Studies show that women are most likely to experience amenorrhoea after 1 year of treatment with continuous OCP use. Types of amenorrhoea are classified as primary or secondary, or based on functional “compartments”.

The American Journal of Psychiatry. Looking at Hypothalamic amenorrhoea, studies have provided that the administration of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor SSRI might correct abnormalities of Functional Hypothalamic Amenorrhoea FHA related to the condition of stress-related amenorrhoea. Some research among amenorrhoeic runners indicates that the loss of menses may be accompanied by a loss of self-esteem.

Archived from the original on 29 January Anti-psychotic drugs used to treat schizophrenia have been known to cause amenorrhoea as well.

Views Read Edit View history. However, in the case of athletic amenorrhoea, deficiencies in estrogen and leptin often simultaneously result in bone loss, potentially leading to osteoporosis.

Many women who diet or who exercise at a high level do not take in enough calories to expend on their exercise as well as to maintain their normal menstrual cycles.